2 – Roof
2.8.1 – Roof Drainage Systems
Roof Drainage Systems 1
Roof Drainage Systems 2
Roof Drainage Systems 3
DEBRIS IN GUTTERS

Gutters were full of debris or granules in areas and need to be cleaned. The debris in gutters can clog drainage, or be sign gutters are sloped improperly – Either of which may cause problems by overflowing to introduce excessive amounts of moisture to the soil beneath the foundation. Excessive moisture in the soil supporting the foundation can affect its ability to support the weight of the structure above and may cause foundation damage from soil movement.

Debris in gutters can also conceal rust, deterioration, or leaks that are not visible until cleaned.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary and according to current standards.

 3 – Attic, Insulation, and Ventilation
3.1.1 – Attic Access
Attic Access 1
MISSING HATCH

The attic access hatch was missing. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

3.1.2 – Attic Access
Attic Access 2
NO ATTIC ACCESS

No openable access hatch was provided through which to view roof framing. A sufficient attic opening (22 inches by 30 inches) is required for attics with an area greater than 30 square feet and a vertical height in excess of 30 inches.

Recommend having the attic area inspected by a qualified inspector after access has been provided, to help ensure that safe conditions exist.

3.4.1 – Insulation in Attic
COMPRESSED – INSULATION

The insulation had been walked on or had stored items compressing it, which reduces the R-value.

Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as needed.

3.4.2 – Insulation in Attic
Insulation in Attic 1
Insulation in Attic 2
DEBRIS OVER THE INSULATION

There appeared to be debris, cardboard, plastic, wood, etc. on the insulation. This configuration could lead to a possible mold environment. The inspector recommends that it be removed.

 4 – Exterior
4.3.1 – Garage Door Exterior
Garage Door Exterior 1
MISSING – WEATHER STRIPPING

The exterior of the garage door has weatherstripping missing in one or more areas. A qualified contractor should inspect and repair as necessary and according to current standards.

4.4.1 – Wall-Covering, Flashing & Trim
Wall-Covering, Flashing & Trim 1
SEAL GAPS AT INTERSECTIONS
MULTIPLE AREAS

Gaps at intersections of the siding, trim, and door and window openings, as well as any other holes in the siding, should be sealed with an appropriate sealant to prevent water penetration into the wall system. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

4.8.1 – Electrical Outlets
Electrical Outlets 1
NO EXTERIOR GFCI PROTECTION

No Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protection was provided for the exterior electrical outlets. Although GFCI protection of exterior circuits may not have been required at the time in which this property was built, modern building and safety standards now require them. This is a reflection of the current understanding of the potential hazards. The inspector recommends updating the existing exterior electrical circuits to include GFCI protection. A qualified contractor should evaluate and implement according to current standards.

4.11.1 – Walkways

Walkways 1

CRACKING – MINOR

Minor cracking was visible on the walkway(s) in areas. Monitoring is the minimum recommendation. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary and according to current standards.

4.11.2 – Walkways

Walkways 2

HEAVING AND/OR SETTLING

The walkway(s) showed signs of heaving and/or settling in areas. Heaving is often caused by soil that has expanded in volume due to increased moisture content, or by wet soil which has expanded as it became frozen. Settlement is when the soil below a concrete slab is loose or it can no longer support the weight causing it to sink or crack.

  • This causes cracks in the concrete.
  • This creates trip hazards that could result in injury.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary and according to current standards.

4.12.1 – Vegetation, Grading & Drainage
Vegetation, Grading & Drainage 1
Vegetation, Grading & Drainage 2
Vegetation, Grading & Drainage 3
DENSE VEGETATION

 Dense vegetation was present around the house in areas.  This condition limited and restricted my visual inspection.  Dense vegetation and landscaping up against or near the house foundation and exterior walls may be prone to water penetration and insect infestation. Trimming, pruning, and some landscaping are recommended by a qualified contractor

4.12.2 – Vegetation, Grading & Drainage
Vegetation, Grading & Drainage 4
TREE LIMBS CONTACT ROOF

The tree limbs that are in contact with the roof or hanging near the roof should be trimmed. Evaluating trees lies beyond the scope of the general property inspection.

Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

4.12.3 – Vegetation, Grading & Drainage
Vegetation, Grading & Drainage 5
TREE BRANCHES OVER PROPERTY

Large trees near the house have branches that overhang the property. Falling branches due to conditions such as wood decay, high winds, or heavy snow loads may cause injury, death, or damage. Significant weakening of large branches by conditions such as core decay may not be visible by persons without special training. Consider having these trees evaluated by a qualified arborist. Evaluating trees lies beyond the scope of the general property inspection.

Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

4.21.1 – Roof Drainage – Downspouts & Extensions
Roof Drainage - Downspouts & Extensions 1
Roof Drainage - Downspouts & Extensions 2
EXTENSIONS NOT POSITIONED PROPERLY

One or more downspout extensions were not properly positioned. Extensions should be properly attached with a proper slope to guide run-off 5 feet away from the foundation structure.

Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

4.21.2 – Roof Drainage – Downspouts & Extensions
Roof Drainage - Downspouts & Extensions 3
MISSING – EXTENSIONS

The downspout (s) are missing the proper 6 ft. extensions. This condition may cause problems by introducing excessive amounts of moisture to the soil beneath the foundation. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary and according to current standards.

 5 – Attached Garage
5.4.1 – Floor
Floor 1
IMPROPERLY SLOPED

The floor surface of the garage is not sloped properly away from the structure due to settlement.

The area of floor used for parking automobiles or other vehicles must be sloped. It should slope toward the vehicle door opening. The sloped surface will help the movement of liquids to a drain or toward the main vehicle doorway of the carport.

5.5.1 – Vehicle Door
Vehicle Door 1
DAMAGE – HARDWARE

The garage door hinges, hardware, or support brackets were corroded, or damaged and should be further evaluated by a qualified contractor to repair or replace as needed.

5.7.1 – Electrical Outlets & Fixtures

Electrical Outlets & Fixtures 1

NO GFCI PROTECTION

The garage had one or more outlets without GFCI (or ground fault circuit interrupter) protection.

GFCI protection is required for all 15- and 20-amp receptacles, including outlets for refrigerators, sprinkler systems, garage door openers, and washing machines – some items may not be protected on purpose due to the potential for them to go unnoticed and cause damage. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

5.7.2 – Electrical Outlets & Fixtures
Electrical Outlets & Fixtures 2
MISSING – FACEPLATE

An outlet or switch box in the garage was missing a faceplate cover. This may be a shock hazard. Recommend a qualified contractor install the missing piece.

 6 – Interior, Doors, Windows
6.4.1 – Doors
Doors 1
MISSING – DOORSTOP

The door had a damaged or missing doorstop.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.4.2 – Doors
Doors 2
Doors 3
Doors 4
MISSING – FLOOR GUIDES

The door had missing or damaged floor guides.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.4.3 – Doors
NOT LATCHING SECURELY
MIDDLE BEDROOM

An interior door did not latch properly. This may be that it was not shimmed properly at the jamb (too wide) or the strike plate was not in the correct position.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.5.1 – Windows

Windows 1

LOCK NOT WORKING

The window did not lock properly.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.6.1 – Electrical Outlets
LOOSE – OUTLET
BASEMENT BEDROOM

An electrical outlet was loose in the wall. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.6.2 – Electrical Outlets

Electrical Outlets 1

NOT WORKING – OUTLET

An electrical outlet was not working. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.7.1 – Electrical Fixtures & Switches

Electrical Fixtures & Switches 1

NOT WORKING – BULB(S)

One or more light bulbs were not working at the time of inspection. Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as needed.

6.7.2 – Electrical Fixtures & Switches
FAN WOBBLES

The ceiling fan wobbles when operated and may need to be balanced.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

6.9.1 – Smoke & CO Detectors
CO DETECTOR MISSING
2ND FLOOR BASEMENT

Carbon monoxide detectors were not installed within a specified distance of each room lawfully used for sleeping purposes. The inspector recommends the installation of carbon monoxide detectors in appropriate locations. Colorado House bill 1091 became effective on July 1, 2009, which requires Carbon Monoxide detectors to be installed in most properties that has a fuel-burning heater or appliance, a fireplace, or an attached garage.

There are no carbon monoxide detectors on the lower or upper levels.

6.9.2 – Smoke & CO Detectors
SMOKE DETECTOR MISSING
2ND FLOOR 1ST FLOOR

The smoke detector was missing. A qualified person should replace them as needed. The existing smoke detectors were tested if present, but they are only noted as to presence and operation as of the date of inspection. Smoke detectors may work today but not work when you need them to work. This is why it is important for you to test them on a regular basis, monthly at least. Smoke detectors are recommended by the U.S. Product Safety Commission to be installed inside each bedroom and adjoining hallway and on each living level of the property and basement level.

6.11.1 – Fireplace Wood-Burning
Fireplace Wood-Burning 1
CLEANING NEEDED

The visible areas of the firebox and chimney flue were dirty at the time of the inspection. Most of the chimney flue was inaccessible and was not inspected. Dirty flues are potential fire hazards and should be cleaned by a professional. Recommend having the chimney evaluated by a C.S.I. (Chimney Safety Institute) -qualified chimney sweep.

 7 – Kitchen
7.6.1 – Electrical Outlets

Kitchen Electrical Outlets 1

NO GFCI PROTECTION

No ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection was provided for kitchen electrical outlets. Although GFCI protection of kitchen circuits may not have been required at the time in which this property was built, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. The inspector recommends updating the existing kitchen electrical circuits to provide GFCI protection. This can be achieved by:

1. Replacing the current standard outlets with GFCI outlets.

2.  Replacing the first circuit outlet located closest to the main electrical service panel with the GFCI outlet

3.  Replacing the breaker currently protecting the electrical circuit that contains these outlets with the GFCI breaker.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

7.14.1 – Range/Oven/Cooktop
Range/Oven/Cooktop 1
DIRTY, EXCESS GREASE

The oven had excess grease or was dirty at the time of inspection. Excess grease may be a fire hazard. Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and clean as needed.

7.17.1 – Refrigerator
WATER NOT WORKING

The water feature at the refrigerator was not working at the time of the inspection. A qualified contractor should evaluate, then repair or replace as advised.

 8 – Laundry
8.9.1 – Electrical Outlets

Laundry Electrical Outlets 1

GFCI PROTECTION IS NOT PRESENT

An outlet did not provide Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protection. Although GFCI protection of circuits may not have been required at the time in which this home was built, safe building practices have improved with the passage of time and building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. The inspector recommends updating the existing electrical circuits to include GFCI protection. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

 9 – Bathroom
9.2.1 – Doors

Bathroom Doors 1

MISSING – DOORSTOP

The door had a damaged or missing doorstop.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

9.7.1 – Electrical Outlets
Electrical Outlets 1
NO GFCI PROTECTION
PRIMARY BATHROOM

No ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection was provided for the bathroom electrical outlets. Although GFCI protection of bathroom circuits may not have been required at the time of in which this property was built, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. The inspector recommends updating the existing bathroom electrical circuits to provide GFCI protection. This can be achieved by:

1. Replacing the current standard outlets with GFCI outlets.

2.  Replacing the first circuit outlet located closest to the main electrical service panel with the GFCI outlet

3.  Replacing the breaker currently protecting the electrical circuit that contains these outlets with the GFCI breaker.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

9.12.1 – Plumbing Fixtures
LEAK – SHOWER HEAD

There was a leak at the shower head connection at the time of inspection. Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

 10 – Bathroom 2
10.7.1 – Electrical Outlets

Bathroom 2 Electrical Outlets 1

NO GFCI PROTECTION

No ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection was provided for the bathroom electrical outlets. Although GFCI protection of bathroom circuits may not have been required at the time of in which this property was built, as general knowledge of safe building practices has improved with the passage of time building standards have changed to reflect current understanding. The inspector recommends updating the existing bathroom electrical circuits to provide GFCI protection. This can be achieved by:

1. Replacing the current standard outlets with GFCI outlets.

2.  Replacing the first circuit outlet located closest to the main electrical service panel with the GFCI outlet

3.  Replacing the breaker currently protecting the electrical circuit that contains these outlets with the GFCI breaker.

A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

10.9.1 – Cabinets & Counters

Cabinets & Counters 1

CAULKING – BACKSPLASH

The countertop needs caulking with silicone along the backsplash.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

10.13.1 – Toilets
LOOSE ON THE FLOOR
BASEMENT BATHROOM

The toilet was loose on the floor. This condition typically is caused by loose bolts or nuts and/or missing floor seals. The loose toilet can result in leaks, water damage, and mold, as well as damage to the toilet, water supply lines, bolts, and drainage pipes. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

 11 – Plumbing
11.1.1 – Main Water Shut-Off Valve
Main Water Shut-Off Valve 1
CORRODED – VALVE

The main water shutoff valve was corroded.

The valve is not and was not operated during the scope of a home inspection.

Recommend a qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

11.5.1 – Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems
Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems 1
LEAKING – DRAIN LINE

The drain pipe was actively leaking at the time of inspection.  A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

 12 – Electrical
12.4.1 – Service-Entrance Conductors
Service-Entrance Conductors 1
CONDUIT DAMAGE

The conduit protecting the service entrance conductors is disconnected or damaged exposing the electrical conductors to damage. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

12.6.1 – Electrical Wiring
Electrical Wiring 1
Electrical Wiring 2
SOLID ALUMINUM BRANCH-CIRCUIT WIRING

Solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring was present. This is an electrical hazard. A qualified contractor should evaluate the electrical system and repair or replace it as necessary.

The aluminum wire appears to be installed on branch electrical circuits in the subject premises. This single-strand, branch circuit aluminum wires were used widely in houses during the mid-1960s and 1970s. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, problems due to expansion can cause overheating at connections between the wire and devices (switches and outlets) or at splices, which has resulted in fires. For further information on aluminum, wiring contacts the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission via the Internet at http://www.cpsc.gov.

For more details, visit InterNACHI’s Free Inspection Library.

 13 – Water Heating Equipment
13.4.1 – Expansion Tank / Valve
Expansion Tank / Valve 1
NOT SECURED

The expansion tank was not properly secured. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.

 14 – Heating
14.1.1 – Heating System Information
SERVICING RECOMMENDED

Based on the age of the heating system it is recommended that it be cleaned and serviced and certified (if possible) by an HVAC professional.

14.8.1 – Ductwork
Ductwork 1
DUCTS NOT SEALED

Air supply ducts were not sealed. Ideally, all ducts are sealed with mastic in order to be more energy-efficient. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary.

 16 – Structural Crawlspace
16.3.1 – Moisture Intrusion
Moisture Intrusion 1
EFFLORESCENCE

Efflorescence (white powdery substance) on the wall indicates moisture is in contact with the concrete or masonry. This does not necessarily indicate that intrusion will occur. I recommend checking the gutters and the downspout drain lines for proper operation. Also, waterproofing paint could be applied to the interior side of the wall if necessary. Efflorescence is found on many properties without water intrusion occurring inside the property. But, it should alert you to the possibility that future steps may be needed. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary.

16.4.1 – Floor Structure & Supports
Floor Structure & Supports 1
OVER-EXTENDED JACK

A screw-jack was over-extended beyond 3inches of exposed thread. This may weaken the structural capability of the support. Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as needed.

16.7.1 – Ventilation
Ventilation 1
OBSTRUCTED

A crawlspace vent was obstructed or covered at the time of inspection. This may prevent proper ventilation into the crawlspace. Recommend a qualified contractor to evaluate and repair or replace as needed.

16.9.1 – Plumbing in Crawlspace
Plumbing in Crawlspace 1
LEAKING – DRAIN PIPES

Drain pipes in the crawlspace were leaking in areas at the time of inspection. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary.